Bibliography, Research, Articles

For articles and research information pertaining to the various modalities that we offer, please click here for our
searchable article database.

Or below you can find some of our frequently requested articles and research.

We strive to make our searchable article database as comprehensive as possible. If you know of an article that is not included on this list, please e-mail info@barralinstitute.com with the article information.

Articles

Infertility and Manual Therapy Treatment
A History of Manipulative Therapy
Placebo Response to Manual Therapy
Visceral Manipulation and Neuro-Developmental Treatment - Complementary Treatment Interventions
Visceral Manipulation in the Chronic Pain Patient
Visceral Manipulation Therapy - Lateral Costal Dsyfunction
Le RGO du nourrisson: Étude prospective à intention de résultats: Efficacité des techniques viscérales et/ou musculo-squelettiques associées aux techniques cránio-sacrées
R.G.O. primaire du nourrisson: Étude prospective à intention de résultats: Efficacité des techniques viscérales et/ou musculo-squelettiques associé es aux techniques cránio-sacrées
VM Inservice - Blog by Colin L Fernandes, MD
Book Review - Fascial and Membrane Technique: A manual for comprehensive treatment of the connective tissue system
The Domino Effect of Adaptive Forces
Book Review - Manual Therapy for the Peripheral Nerves
Book Review - Manual Therapy for the Cranial Nerves
Time Magazine Top Innovators
Visceral Manipulation for Pediatrics
Visceral Manipulation for Musculoskeletal Pain
Has Your Liver Been Liberated?
Liquid Osteopathy
Visceral Manipulation – A New Frontier
Natural Awakenings – About Jean-Pierre Barral
Dutch article (with English Abstract) – Questions efficacy of evidence-based studies
Clinical Experiences with Visceral Manipulation and Nerve Manipulation
St. Louis Women's Journal Health & Wellness – Understanding the Messages of Your Body
St. Louis Women's Journal Health & Wellness – The Therapeutic Value of Visceral Manipulation
It's a Dance Hall Inside
All Roads Lead to Beijing Olympics 2008
What is Visceral Manipulation (Directions in Physiotherapy, Autumn 2008)
Visceral Manipulation for Low Back Pain (Massage Message, January/February 2009)
Visceral Manipulation (Scottish Chiropractic Association Newsletter Spring 2009)
The Formation of Peritoneal Adhesions
Peritoneal Adhesions: They Appear to be Cellular, Innervated, and Vascularized Entities
Clinical Implications of Postsurgical Adhesions
Morphology, Quality, and Composition in Mature Human Peritoneal Adhesions

Case Studies

L shoulder impingement syndrome, Mike Burggraaf, PT, DPT, LAT
VM and Morning Sickness from Pregnancy, Dee Ahern, PT
VM - Fractured C1/2, Ruptured Esophagus, Right Rib Cage Pain, Claudia Mirdita, PT
VM -Bilateral OA knees, Sarah Labrecque, Physical therapist
VM - Coccyx Pain, Sarah Labrecque Physical therapist
VM - Car Accident; Neck, Low Back and Rib Pain, Sarah Labrecque PT
VM - Stress Incontinence, Sarah Labrecque PT
VM - Laxatives Required for Bowel Movement, Sarah Labrecque PT
VM/NM - Hip Pain, Barbara LeVan, P.T.
VM/NM - Mid-back & Neck Pain, Barbara LeVan, P.T.
VM/NM - DeQuervain's Tendonitis. 1st Dorsal Compartment Tendonitis, Barbara LeVan, P.T.
VM-NM - Widespread Chronic Pain, Ben Katz, LMT, Barral Institute Dissection Teacher
VM - Bed wetting, Alison Harvey, DC
VM - Left Sided Headaches , Alison Harvey, DC
VM - Laparoscopic Surgery , Jennifer Shifferd, PT
VM - Sleep Apnea, Mental Health, Melody Rudolph HHP, CST, COTA
VM - Extremity Pain, Bill Christie, Massage Practitioner
VM - Infertility, Bill Christie, Massage Practitioner
VM - Hysterectomy, Char Angelosante, Massage Practitioner, Physical Therapy Assistant
VM - ROM and Thoracic Pain, Char Angelosante, Massage Practitioner, Physical Therapy Assistant
VM - Infertility, Alison Harvey, DC
VM - CFS, Alison Harvey, DC
VM - Knee Pain, Dora Franco, DO
VM - Shoulder Pain, Dora Franco, DO
VM - Neck and Shoulder Pain; Decreased ROM, Arty Clark, L.M.T.
VM - Chest Pressure, Arty Clark, L.M.T.
VM - Severe Reflux, Jennifer Neta, PT
VM - Leg Pain, Nancy Redlich, PT
VM - Heartburn and Reflux, Nancy Redlich, PT
VM - Thoracic Tightness and Pain, Dawn-Marie Ickes, PT
VM - Shoulder Pain, Dawn-Marie Ickes, PT
VM - Scoliosis and Back Pain, Gugi Decher, LMT
VM - Abdominal Pain After Surgery, Anne Hammel, Movement Therapist
VM - Testicular and Hepatic Flexure Pain, Anne Hammel, Movement Therapist
VM - IBS, William Bono, DC
VM - IBS and Incontinence, Tanye Hage Maisel, PT
VM - Headaches and Neck Pain, Susan Reiter, PT

Research

Fascia Research - A Narrative Review
Strain Hardening of Fascia
A Theoretical Framework For the Role of Fascia In Manual Therapy
The Gliding of Peripheral Nerves - Anatomical Basis and Clinical Significance
Low back pain and kidney mobility: local osteopathic fascial manipulation decreases pain perception and improves renal mobility
Surgical reconsiderations in regard to the anatomy of the renal fascia and the retroperitoneal space around the kidney
Visceral Mobilization Can Lyse and Prevent Peritoneal Adhesions in a Rat Model
Visceral Mobilization / Massage for Postoperative Adhesions and Ileus
Infertility and Manual Therapy Treatment
Combined Manual Therapy Techniques for the Treatment of Women With Infertility: A Case Series (Poster Presentation)
Use of Visceral Mobilizations and Myofascial Release in the Treatment of Hip Osteoarthritis - A Retrospective Case Study (Poster Presentation)
Motor Cortex Communicates with Kidney
The Painful Perineum (In French with English Summary)
Neural Mobilization: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials with an Analysis of Therapeutic Efficacy
3D Reconstruction of the Crural and Thoracolumbar Fasciae
Layers of the Abdominal Wall: Anatomical Investigation of Subcutaneous Tissue and Superficial Fascia
A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Effectiveness of Osteopathy-Based Manual Physical Therapy in Treating Pediatric Dysfunctional Voiding
Articular Neurology and Manipulative Therapy
Clinical Implications of Post Surgical Adhesions
Complementary and Alternative Pain Therapy in the Emergency Department. Emergency Clinics of North America
Fascial Plasticity-A New Neurobiological Explanation
Interdisciplinary Work and the Scientific Basis for Visceral Manipulation: Soft Tissue Fascial Mobilization
Mechanical Signaling Through Connective Tissue: A Mechanism for the Therapeutic Effect of Acupuncture
Morphology, Quality, and Composition in Mature Human Peritoneal Adhesions
Preliminary study: Osteopathic Approach to Scars in Fascial Research
Relationship of Acupuncture Points and Meridians to Connective Tissue Planes
Tensegrity-Based Mechanosensing from Macro to Micro
Treating Fallopian Tube Occlusion with a Manual Pelvic Physical Therapy
Kidney Mobilization and Ultrasound Documentation Study
Visceral Manipulation and Dyspepsia Study
Effect of Visceral Osteopathy on the gastrointestinal abnormalities in children with autistic disorders
Vulvodynia Workshop Highlights Prevalence of Disorder
Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment and Its Relationship to Autonomic Nervous System Activity
Videographic Evidence of VisceralMovement using Radiographic and Echographic Examinations
VM and NM Research Summaries
Clinical Study on the Effects of Visceral Manipulation for Low Back Spinal Dysfunction (IFOMT 1992 Publication)

Visceral & Viscerovascular Manipulation Curriculum Bibliography

Allison, M.C., Dhillon, A.P, Lewis, W.G., Pounder, R.E. Inflammatory Bowel Disease. London, England: Mosby International Limited, 1998
Arbuckle, B.E., The Selected Writings of Beryl E. Arbuckle, DO, FACOP. Indianapolis, IN. American Academy of Osteopathy, 1994
Ashcraft, K., Holcomb, G., Murphy, J. Pediatric Surgery- Edition 4. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier, 2005.
Baltazar GA, Betler MP, Akella K, Khatri R, Asaro R, Chendrasekhar A., Effect of osteopathic manipulative treatment on incidence of postoperative ileus and hospital length of stay in general surgical patients. J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2013 Mar;113(3):204-9. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23485980
Barral JP, Croibier A . Trauma-An Osteopathic Approach. Eastland Press Inc., Seattle, WA, 1999.
Barral, Jean-Pierre. Manual Thermal Evaluation. Vista, California: Eastland Press, 2005.
Barral, Jean-Pierre. The Thorax. Vista, California: Eastland Press, 2004.
Barral, Jean-Pierre. Urogenital Manipulation. Vista, California: Eastland Press, 2006.
Barral, Jean-Pierre. Visceral Manipulation II. Vista, California: Eastland Press, 2007.
Barral, Jean-Pierre. Visceral Manipulation. Vista, California: Eastland Press, 2005.
Becker, RE. Life in Motion-The Osteopathic Vision of Rollin E Becker. Stillness Press, LLC, 1997.
Benetazzo L, Bizzego A, De Caro R, Frigo G, Guidolin D, Stecco C (2010) 3D Reconstruction of the crural and thoracolumbar fasciae. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy DOI 10.1007/s00276-010-0757-7.
Blechschmidt, Erich. The Ontogenetic Basis of Human Anatomy. Berkeley, Calif: North Atlantic Books, 2004.
Bly, Lois. The Components of Normal Development During the First Year of Life. Chapel Hill, NC. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, NC. 1981.
Bove, Geoffrey M., DC, PhD, Shapelle, Susan L., RMT. Visceral Mobilization / Massage for Postoperative Adhesions and Ileus, Squamish Therapeutics, 108-941105 Tantalus Road, Squamish, BC Canada; University of New England, 11 Hills Beach Road, Biddeford, Maine, USA; Third International Fascia Research Congress Proceedings Book. (2012) Basic Science and Implications for Conventional and Complementary Healthcare. Vancouver, Canada Presented at the 3rd International Fascia Research Congress, April 2012 Vancouver, BC, Canada
Bove, Geoffrey M., DC, PhD, Shapelle, Susan L., RMT. Visceral Mobilization Can Lyse and Prevent Peritoneal Adhesions in a Rat Model; Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, Volume 16, Issue 1, January 2012, Pages 76-82 Elsevier.
Carlson, Bruce M. Human Embryology and Developmental Biology. St. Louis, MO. Mosby-YearBook Inc., 1994.
Cocard, Larry. Netter's Atlas of Human Embryology. ICON Learning Systems, 2002.
Cook, Chad E. Orthopedic Manual Therapy. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2007
Cook, Chad E., Hegedus, Eric J. Orthopedic Physical Examination Tests. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2008
Coq JO, Barr AE, Strata F, Russier M, Kietrys DM, Merzenich MM, Byl NN, Barbe MF. Peripheral and central changes combine to induce motor behavioral deficits in a moderate repetition task. Source; UMR 6149 Neurobiologie Integrative et Adaptative, CNRS-Aix-Marseille Universite, Pole 3C, Case B, 3 Place Victor Hugo, 13331, Marseille Cedex 03, France. Exp Neurol. 2009 Dec;220(2):234-45. Epub 2009 Aug 15.
Findley, Thomas, MD, PhD, Chaudhry, Hans, PhD, Stecco, Antonio, MD, Roman, Max, PhD. Fascia research - A narrative review; Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies (2012) Volume 16, number 1, January 2012, pages 76-82, Elsevier www.sciencedirect.com
Finet, George, DO and William, Christian, DO: Treating Visceral Dysfunction: An Osteopathic Approach to Understanding and Treating Abdominal Organs; Oregon: Stillness Press, LLC, 2000
First International Fascia Research Congress Proceedings Book. (2008) Fascia Research; Basic Science and Implications for Conventional and Complementary Healthcare; Harvard Medical School.
Fossum, C., "Neurophysiology of Visceral Integration," Leitfaden der Viszeralen Osteopathie, Elsevier; Deutschland, 2005.
Fossum, C., Introduction to Visceral Osteopathy, Leitfaden der Viszeralen Osteopathie, Elsevier; Deutschland, 2005.
Gallaudet, B. B. (1931) A Description of the Planes of Fascia of the Human Body With Special Reference to the Fascia of the Abdomen, Pelvis and Perineum. New York, New York: Columbia University Press.
Gray's Anatomy - The Anatomical Basis of Medicine and Surgery, 38th Edition. (1995) Churchill Livingston.
Greenman, Philip E. Principles of Manual Medicine Second Edition. Maryland: Williams & Wilkins, 1996.
Grossinger, Richard. Embryogenesis. Berkeley, Calif. North Atlantic Books, 2000.
Ho M., Keynes M., Knight, D.P. The Acupuncture System and The Liquid Crystalline Collagen Fibres of the Connective Tissues - http://www.i-sis.org.uk/lcm.php
Kimani JK. (1995) Elastin and mechanoreceptor mechanisms with special reference to the mammalian carotid sinus. Ciba Found Symp: 192: 215-236.
Kliegman, R., Behrman, R., Jenson, H., Stanton, B. Nelson. Textbook of Pediatrics - 18th Edition. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders Elsevier, 2007.
Kramp, M. E., Combined Manual Therapy Techniques for the Treatment of Women With Infertility: A Case Series, J Am Osteopath Assoc. 2012;112(10):680-685
Kuchera ML, Kuchera WA. Osteopathic Considerations in Systemic Dysfunction. Columbus, OH: Greydon Press: 1994, p.123-47
Kwan CS, Worrilow CC, Kovelman I, Kuklinski JM.; Using suboccipital release to control singultus: a unique, safe, and effective treatment.; Am J Emerg Med. 2012 Mar;30(3):514.e5-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2011.01.012. Epub 2011 Mar 29.
Lancerotto L, Stecco C, Macchi V, Porzionato A, Stecco A, De Caro R (2011) Layers of the abdominal wall: anatomical investigation of subcutaneous tissue and superficial fascia. Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy DOI 10.1007/s00276-010-0772-8.
Langebartel, David A., PhD. The Anatomical Primer. Baltimore, MD. University Park Press, 1977.
Larsen, William, PhD. Human Embryology. New York, NY. Churchill Livingstone, 2001.
Lauge-Hansen, Niels, MD. The Development and the Emnbryonic Anatomy of the Human Gastro-Intestinal Tract. Eindhaven Denmark. Centrex Publishing Co., 1960.
Lauge-Hansen, Niels. Developmental Anomalies of the Human Gastro-Intestinal Tract, 1973.
Lederman, Eyal. The Science and Practice of Manual Therapy Second Edition. Pennsylvania: Elsevier, 2005
Levinthal DJ, Strick PL.; The motor cortex communicates with the kidney. J Neurosci. 2012 May 9;32(19):6726-31.
Licciardone J, et al "Osteopathic manual treatment and ultrasound therapy for chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial" Ann Fam Med 2013; 11: 122-129.
Moore, Persaud. Before We Are Born: Essentials of Embryology and Birth Defects. 5th Edition. W.B. Saunders, 1985.
Nemett DR, Fivush BA, Mathews R, Camirand N, Eldridge MA, Finney K, Gerson AC. (2008)"A Randomized Controlled Trial of the Effectiveness of Osteopathy-Based Manual Physical Therapy in Treating Pediatric Dysfunctional Voiding". Journal of Pediatric Urology 4:100-106.
Netter FH, Felten DL, Jozefowicz R. Netter's Atlas of Human Neuroscience. Teterboro, NJ, Icon Learning Systems, 2003.
Perlemuter, L. and J. Waligora. Cahiers D'Anatomie. Vol. 1-6, 3d ed. Paris, France: Masson. 1975
Peter Wuhrl, DO, Germany, co-authors Thomas Hirth, DO of Germany and Jerome Helmoortel, DO of Belgium; Textbook for Visceral Osteopathy.
R. Ward; Foundations for Osteopathic Medicine; Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2002.
Scherzer, Alfred, Tscharnuter, Ingrid. Early Diagnosis and Therapy in Cerebral Palsy. Madison, NY: Marcel Dekker, Inc. 1982.
Schliep, Robert, PhD, MA, Duerselen, Lutz, PhD, Vleeming, Andry, PhD, Naylor, Ian L., PhD, Lehmann- Horn, Frank, MD PhD, Zorn, Adjo, PhD, Jaeger, Heike, PhD, Klinger, Werner, MD; Strain hardening of fascia: Static stretching of dense fibrous connective tissue can induce a temporary stiffness increase accompanied by enhanced matrix hydration. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies (2012) Volume 16, number 1, January 2012, pages 94-100, Elsevier www.sciencedirect.com
Simmonds, Nigel, BSc, MChiro, Miller, Peter, BSc, DC, MSc, DChirp, Gemmel, Hugh, DC, EdD; A theoretical framework for the role of fascia in manual therapy. Anglo-Europen College of Chiropractic, 13-15 Parkwood Road, Bourne,outs BH5 2 DF Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies (2012) Volume 16, number 1, January 2012, pages 83-93, Elsevier www.sciencedirect.com
Singer, Edward. Fasciae of the Human Body and Their Relations to the Organs TheyEnvelop. Philadelphia: Williams and Wilkins, 1935.
Stone, Caroline A., Visceral and Obstetric Osteopathy. Pennsylvania: Elsevier, 2007
The Collected Papers of Viola M. Fryman, DO. Legacy of Osteopathy to Children. Indianapolis, IN. American Academy of Osteopathy, 1998.
Tozzi, Paolo, Bsc (Hons) Ost, DO, PT *; Bongiorno, Davide, MD, DO **; Vitturini, Claudio* Low back pain and kidney mobility: local osteopathic fascial manipulationdecreases pain perception and improves renal mobility C.R.O.M.O.N. - Via Pasquale Fiore 18, Rome - Italy; www.scuoladiosteopatia; +39 3486981064; e-mail: pt_osteopathy@yahoo.it; .it ** A.T.S.A.I. - Bari, Naples, Milan - Italy; www.atsai.it Third International Fascia Research Congress Proceedings Book. (2012) Basic Science and Implications for Conventional and Complementary Healthcare. Vancouver, Canada Presented at the 3rd International Fascia Research Congress April 2012 Vancouver, BC, Canada And Presented at the 7th Interdisciplinary Congress on Low Back & Pelvic Pain November 2010, Los Angeles, California
Trowbridge, Carol. Andrew Taylor Still 1828-1917. Kirksville, Missouri: The Thomas Jefferson University Press, 1991.
Wetzler, Gail, RPT, EDO, CV, BI-D, The impact of the uterus on pain and function of the female pelvic girdle; The Center for Alternative Medicine, University of California at Irvine. California USA; Journal of Clinical Anatomy. Presented at the 11th Congress of the European Association of Clinical Anatomy., Padova, Italy June 2011.
William Weintraub; Tendon and Ligament Healing: A New Approach through Manual Therapy; North Atlantic Books, 2001.

Neural Manipulation Curriculum Bibliography

Barral JP, Croibier A (1999) Trauma-An Osteopathic Approach. Eastland Press Inc., Seattle, WA
Barral JP, Croibier A (2007) Manual Therapy for the Peripheral Nerves. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier.
Barral JP, Croibier A (2008) Manual Therapy for the Cranial Nerves. Churchill Livingstone Elsevier.
Barral, J.P. and Croibier, A. La dynamique neuro-meningee. Journal de l'academie d'osteopathie, Automne 2002, No.11-12, 15-26.
Becker, RE (1997) Life in Motion-The Osteopathic Vision of Rollin E Becker. Edited by Rachael E. Brooks. Stillness Press, LLC
Bove, G., Light A. The nervi nervorum: Missing link for neuropathic pain? Pain Forum. 1997: (3): 181-190.
Bove, G., Light, A. Unmyelinated nocioceptors of rat paraspinal tissues. Journal of Neurophysiology. 1995: 73: 1752-1762.
Bove, GM., Ransil, BJ., Lin, HC, Leem, JG. Inflammation induces ectopic mechanical sensitivity in axons of nocioceptors innervating deep tissues. J Neurophysiol. 2003: 90: 1949-1955.
Breig, Alf (1978) Adverse Mechanical Tension in the Central Nervous System: an analysis of cause and effect relief by functional Neurosurgery. Renaissance International.
Butler D, The Sensitive Nervous System, Noigroup Publications, Adelaide Australia 2000, ISBN 0-646-40251-x.
Butler, David. Mobilization of the Nervous System. Churchill Livingstone, London, England, 1991. ISBN: 0-443-04400-7
Chaudhry H, Schleip R, Zhiming J, Bukiet B, Maney M, Findley T. (2008) "Three Dimensional Mathematical Model for Deformation of Human Fascia in Manual Therapy". Journal of American Osteopathic Association 108:379-390
Chhabra D, Raja K., Ganesh B, Prabhu N. Effectiveness of neural tissue mobilization over cervical lateral glide in cervico-brachial pain syndrome - A randomized clinical trial. Indian J Physio Occ Therapy. Oct-Dec. 2008. Vol. 2, No. 4
Coppieters MW, Hough AD, Dilley A. Different nerve-gliding exercises induce different magnitudes of median nerve longitudinal excursion: an invivo study using dynamic ultrasound imaging. J Orthop Sports Phys The. 2009 Mar; 39)3); 164-71
Coppieters, M. W., A. M. Alshami, et al. Strain and excursion of the sciatic, tibial and plantar nerves during a modified straight leg raise test. 2006 J Orthop Res 24: 1883-1889.
Coq JO, Barr AE, Strata F, Russier M, Kietrys DM, Merzenich MM, Byl NN, Barbe MF. Peripheral and central changes combine to induce motor behavioral deficits in a moderate repetition task. Source; UMR 6149 Neurobiologie Integrative et Adaptative, CNRS-Aix-Marseille Universite, Pole 3C, Case B, 3 Place Victor Hugo, 13331, Marseille Cedex 03, France. Exp Neurol. 2009 Dec;220(2):234-45. Epub 2009 Aug 15.
Degenhardt BF, Darmani NA, Johnson JC, Towns LC et al. (2007) "Role of Osteopathic Manipulative Treatment in Altering Pain Biomarkers: A Pilot Study". Journal of American Osteopathic Association. 107:387-400.
Dilley, A., Lynn, B., Pang, SJ. Pressure and stretch mechanosensitivity of peripheral nerve fibers following local inflammation of the nerve trunk. Pain. 2005: 117(3): 462-472.
Dilley, A., Odeyinde, S., Greening J., Lynn, B. Longitudinal sliding of the median nerve in patients with non-specific arm pain. Manual Therapy. 2008: 13: 536-543.
Downey PA, Barbano T, Kapur-Wadhwa R, Sciote JJ, Siegel MI, Mooney MP (2006) "Craniosacral therapy: the effects of cranial manipulation on intracranial pressure and cranial bone movement." Journal of Orthopaedic Sports Physical Therapy 36(11):845-53.
Ellis R, Phty B, Hing W. Neural Mobilization: A Systematic Review of Randomized Trials with an Analysis of Therapeutic Efficacy. J of Manual & Manipulative Therapy. Vol 16 No. 1 2008, 8-22.
Ellis, Richard F., B. Phty, Post Grad Dip; Hing, Wayne A., PT, PhD; Neural Mobilization: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials with an Analysis of Therapeutic Efficacy; The Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy, Vol. 16 No. 1 (2008), 8-22
Elvey, RL. Treatment of arm pain associated with abnormal brachial plexus tension. Aus J Phys. 1986: 32: 225-230.
Fernandez-de-Las-Penas, C., Coppieters MW., Cuadrado, ML., Pareja, JA. Patients with chronic tension-type headache demonstrate increased mechano-sensitivity of the supra-orbital nerve. Headache. 2008: 48: 570-577.
Fernandez-de-Las-Penas, C., Ortega-Santiago, R., Ambite-Quesada, S., et al. Specific mechanical pain hypersensitivity over peripheral nerve trunks in women with either unilateral epicondylalgia or carpal tunnel syndrome. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2010: 40(11): 751-760.
First International Fascia Research Congress Proceedings Book. (2008) Fascia Research; Basic Science and Implications for Conventional and Complementary Healthcare; Harvard Medical School.
Gray's Anatomy - The Anatomical Basis of Medicine and Surgery, 38th Edition. (1995) Churchill Livingston.
Greening, J., Smart, S., Leary, R et al. Reduced movement of median nerve in carpal tunnel during wrist flexion in patients with non-specific arm pain. Lancet. 1999: 354(9174): 217-218.
Hall, TM., Elvey, RL. Nerve trunk pain: physical diagnosis and treatment. Manual Therapy. 1999: 4(2): 63-73.
Hasue, M. Pain and the nerve root, an interdisciplinary approach. Spine. 1993: 18(14): 2053-2058.
Ho M., Keynes M., Knight, D.P. The Acupuncture System and The Liquid Crystalline Collagen Fibres of the Connective Tissues - http://www.i-sis.org.uk/lcm.php
Jones CF, Kroeker SG, Cripton PA, Hall RM (2008). "The effect of cerebrospinal fluid on the biomechanics of spinal cord: an ex vivo bovine model using bovine and physical surrogate spinal cord." Spine Aug 1;33(17):E580-8.
Kostopoulos DC, Keramidas G. (1992) "Changes in elongation of falx cerebri during craniosacral therapy techniques applied on the skull of an embalmed cadaver." Cranio. 10(1):9-12.
Kuchera ML, Kuchera WA. Osteopathic Considerations in Systemic Dysfunction. Columbus, OH: Greydon Press: 1994, p.123-47
Kwan CS, Worrilow CC, Kovelman I, Kuklinski JM.; Using suboccipital release to control singultus: a unique, safe, and effective treatment.; Am J Emerg Med. 2012 Mar;30(3):514.e5-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajem.2011.01.012. Epub 2011 Mar 29.
Levinthal DJ, Strick PL.; The motor cortex communicates with the kidney. J Neurosci. 2012 May 9;32(19):6726-31.
Lew, PV., Morrow, CJ., Lew, AM. The effect of neck and leg flexion and their sequence on the lumbar spinal cord, implications in low back pain and sciatica. Spine. 1994: 19(21): 2421-2425.
Licciardone J, et al "Osteopathic manual treatment and ultrasound therapy for chronic low back pain: a randomized controlled trial" Ann Fam Med 2013; 11: 122-129.
Meltzer KR, Standley PR. (2007) "Modeled Repetitive Motion Strain and Indirect Osteopathic Manipulative Techniques in Regulation of Human Fibroblast Proliferation and Interleukin Secretion". Journal of American Osteopathic Association 107:527-536.
Moore, Persaud (1998) Before We Are Born: Essentials of Embryology and Birth Defects. 5th Edition. W.B. Saunders.
Murphy DR, Hurwitz E, Gregory A, Clary R. A non-surgical approach to the management of lumbar spinal stenosis: A prospective observational cohort study. Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0) Feb. 2006
Netter FH, Felten DL, Jozefowicz R (2003). Netter's Atlas of Human Neuroscience. Teterboro, NJ, Icon Learning Systems.
Osterman, AL. The double crush syndrome. Orthop Clin North Am. 1988:19(1): 147-155.
Piper, Ian (1997) "Intracranial Pressure and Elastance" from Head Injury, Edited by Peter Reilly and Ross Bullock. Chapman & Hall, London
Schleip R (2003) "Fascial plasticity - a new neurobiological explanation. Part 2". Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 7(2),104-116.
Shacklock M.; Improving Application of Neurodynamic (Neural Tension) Testing and Treatments: A Message to Researchers and Clinicians; Manual Therapy, Volume 10, Issue 3, August 2005, Pages 175-179.
Shacklock M.; Invited Commentary-Neural Mobilization: A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials with an Analysis of Therapeutic Efficacy; Journal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy Vol. 16 no. 1 2008 Pages 23-24.
Shacklock, MO. Clinical application of neurodynamics. In: Shacklock, MO., Moving in on Pain, 1995. Chatswood, Australia: Butterworth-Heinemann.
Siqueira E., Kranzler, L., Dhjarkar, D. Fibrosis of the dura mater, a cause of 'failed back' syndrome. Surg Neurol. 1983: 19: 168-170.
Sunderland, S. The connective tissues of peripheral nerves. Brain. 1965: 88: 841-854.
Tassler PL, Dellon AL, Canoun C. Identification of elastic fibers in the Peripheral Nerve J.Hand Surg 1994 Feb:19:48-54
Topp KS, Boyd BS, Structures and Biomechanics of Peripheral Nerves: Nerve Responses to Physical Stresses and Implications for Physical Therapist Practice Phys Ther Vol 86, No. 1, January 2006, pp 92-109
Wood, VE, Biondi, J. Double-crush nerve compression in thoracic outlet syndrome. J Bone Joint Surg. 1990: 72A: 85-87.
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